Schedule of Visitation of the Miraculous Kursk-Root Icon of the Theotokos Announced.
Schedule of the visitation of the wonderworking Kursk-root icon to the Diocese in March-May 2022.
With great joy we announce the visitation schedule of the miraculous Kursk-root icon of the Theotokos: the most sacred icon of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad.
..."When we sacrifice our comforts, our way of speaking, our way of thinking, and immerse ourselves into local communities, something really cool happens. We discover wisdom in the Old World way of living and interacting."
The icon will be visiting our Diocese during Great Lent and for a short period immediately after Pascha. Below, you will find the schedule of the Divine Services taking place in each location during the icon’s visit, at which all the faithful may come to venerate the icon. The icon also stays in each location for a short period: faithful should speak to your parish Priest to arrange for a home blessing with the icon when it is visiting your region.
The Wonderworking Kursk-Root Icon of the Mother of God
The wonderworking Kursk-root icon ‘of the Sign’ is the most cherished icon of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, and under the protection of the Mother of God, miraculously present in his holy icon, the ROCOR has lived out its century-long mission and continues to do so into her second century. Not only does the icon, which normally resides in the Synodal Headquarters in New York (in the Synodal Cathedral especially dedicated to its honour), every meeting of the Holy Synod of Bishops takes place in the presence of the icon, begun with prayers to the Theotokos offered before it. Moreover, it has long been the custom of the Synod that the Kursk-root icon be sent regularly to visit all the dicoeses of the ROCOR, being venerated in the Divine Services of their parishes and visiting the homes of the faithful. The icon also makes visits to other parts of the world, where the faithful often arrive in their tens of thousands to venerate it. A history of the precious icon is found below. If the icon is scheduled to visit your parish, please read the Diocese’s guidelines on preparing for a visit of the Kursk-root icon to your parish or home.
History of the Kursk-root Icon
In the 13th century, during the dreadful period of the Tartar invasion of Russia, the devastated province of Kursk was emptied of people and its principal city, Kursk, became a wilderness. Now, the residents of the city of Rylsk, which had been preserved from invasion, often journeyed to the site of Kursk to hunt wild beasts. One of the hunters, going along the bank of the river Skal, which-was not very far from ruined Kursk, noticed an icon lying face down on the ground next to the root of a tree. The hunter picked it up and found that it was an icon of the Sign, such as was enshrined and venerated in the city of Novgorod. At this time, the icon’s first miracle was worked, for no sooner had the hunter picked up the sacred image than there immediately gushed forth with great force an abundant spring of pure water. This took place on September 8th in the year 1295. The hunter constructed a small wooden chapel and placed the newly manifested image of the Mother of God therein. The residents of Rylsk began to visit the place of the manifestation of this holy object and the icon was glorified by miracles all the more. Prince Vasily Shemyaka of Rylsk ordered that the icon be brought to the city of Rylsk itself and this was done in a solemn manner, for the people of the city went forth to meet the icon of the Mother of God; but Shemyaka himself declined to attend the festivities and for this reason was punished with blindness. The prince, however, repented and straightway received healing. Moved by this miracle, Shemyaka constructed a church in the city of Rylsk in honour of the Nativity of the All-Holy Theotokos, and there the miraculous icon was enshrined on September 8th, the day of its manifestation, appointed as the annual feast date. But the icon vanished in a miraculous manner and returned to the place of its original appearance. The residents of Rylsk continually brought it back, but each time it returned to its former place. Then, understanding that the Mother of God was well pleased to dwell in the place of the manifestation of her image, they eventually left it there in peace. Innumerable pilgrimages streamed to the site and services of supplication were celebrated there by a certain priest whose name was Bogoliub and who dwelt at the site of the wooden chapel and struggled there in asceticism. In the year 1383, the province of Kursk was subjected to a new invasion of Tartars. They decided to set fire to the chapel, but it refused to burn, even though they piled up fuel all around it, and so the superstitious barbarians fell upon the priest Bogoliub, accusing him of sorcery. The pious priest denounced their foolishness and pointed out the icon of the Mother of God to them. The malicious Tartars laid hold of the holy icon and cut it in two, casting the pieces to either side. The chapeI then caught fire and the priest Bogoliub was carried off a prisoner. In his captivity, the God-loving elder kept the Faith, placing his hope on the all-holy Mother of God, and his hope did not fail him. Now, one day as he was guarding flocks and passing the time by singing prayers and doxologies in honor of the Mother of God, there passed by some emissaries of the Tsar of Moscow. They heard this chanting, arranged to ransom the priest from captivity, and Bogoliub returned to the former site of the chapel. There he found the pieces of the miraculous icon which the Tartars had cast away. He picked them up and straightway they grew together, although the signs of the split remained. Learning of this miracle, the residents of Rylsk gave glory to God and to His all-pure Mother. Again they attempted to transfer the holy icon to their city, but once more the miraculous image returned to its former place. A new chapel was then built on the original site of the icon’s appearance and here it remained for about 200 years. The city of Kursk was revived in the year 1597 at the command of Theodore Ivanovich of Moscow. This pious Tsar, who had heard of the miracles of the icon, expressed his desire to behold it, and in Moscow, the icon was greeted with great solemnity. The Tsaritsa, Irene Theodorovna, adorned the holy icon with a precious riza. At the command of the Tsar, the icon was set in a silver-gilt frame upon which were depicted the Lord of Hosts and prophets holding scrolls in their hands. The icon was subsequently returned and, with the close cooperation of the Tsar, a monastery was founded on the site of the chapel. A church, dedicated to the Life-bearing Spring, was built above the same spring that had appeared when the icon was first revealed and the monastery attached to it was called the Kursk Root Herrnitage in honour ofthe manifestation of the icon at the root of the tree. During an invasion of Crimean Tartars, the icon was transferred to the cathedral church of Kursk, and an exact copy was left at the Hermitage. Tsar Boris Godunov bestowed many precious gifts for the adornment of the icon and even the pretender, the false Dimitry, who desired to call attention to himself and to win the support of those who lived in the vicinity of Kursk, venerated this icon and placed it in the royal mansions where it remained until the year 1615. While the icon was absent from the city of Kursk, the grace-bearing aid of the Mother of God did not forsake that city, for when in the year 1612 the Poles laid siege to Kursk, certain of the citizens beheld the Mother of God and two radiant monks above the city. Captured Poles related that they, too, had beheld a woman and two radiant men on the city walls, and that this woman made threatening gestures at those who were conducting the siege. The citizens then made a vow to construct a monastery in honor of the all-holy Theotokos and to place the miraculous icon therein. The besiegers were quickly put to flight and in gratitude to their heavenly helper, the people of Kursk built a monastery in honour of the all-holy Theotokos of the Sign. In 1676, the icon of the Mother of God of the Sign was borne to the Don River to bless the forces of the Don Cossacks. In 1684, a copy of the miraculous icon of the all-holy Theotokos of the Sign was sent to the Monastery of the Root by the sovereigns and great princes Ivan and Peter Alexievich. This copy was set in a silver-gilt frame and a command was made that this copy be borne wherever Orthodox warriors went into battle. In the year 1812, the Kursk Civic Society sent to General Kutuzov a copy of the miraculous icon of Kursk, setting it in a silver-gilt frame. The commander expressed his gratitude to the citizens of Kursk and his belief that Kursk would remain free, thanks to the protection of the Queen of Heaven. In March of 1898 a group of anarchists, desiring to undermine the faith of the people in the wonderworking power of the icon, decided to destroy it. They placed a time bomb in the Cathedral of the Sign, and at two o’clock in the morning a horrendous explosion rent the air and all the walls of the monastery were shaken. The frightened monastic brethren rushed immediately to the cathedral, where they beheld a scene of horrible devastation. The force of the blast had shattered the gilded canopy above the icon. The heavy marble base, constructed of several massive steps, had been jolted out of position and split into several pieces. A huge metal candlestick which stood before the icon and been blown to the opposite side of the cathedral. A door of cast iron located near the icon had been torn from its hinges and cast outside, where it smashed against a wall and caused a deep crack. All the windows in the cathedral and even those in the dome above were shattered. Amid the general devastation, the holy icon remained intact and even the glass within the frame remained whole. Thinking to destroy the icon, the anarchists had, on the contrary, become the cause of its greater glorification. Every year on Friday of the ninth week after Pascha, the icon of the Sign was solemnly borne in procession from the Kursk Cathedral of the Sign to the place of its original manifestation at the Kursk Hermitage, where it remained until September 12. On September 13, it was again solemnly returned to the city of Kursk. This procession was instituted in the year 1618 in memory of the transfer of the icon from Moscow to Kursk and to commemorate its original appearance. During the Bolshevik revolution, the icon was removed from the Cathedral of the Sign on April 12th, 1918. Search was made for the icon but without result. The holy object was discovered under the following circumstances: Not far from the monastery there lived a poor girl and her mother who for three days had not had anything to eat. At that time Kursk was controlled by the Bolshevik regime. On May 3rd, the girl, a seamstress, went off to the marketplace in search of bread. Returning home at about one o’clock in the morning, she passed by a well which, according to tradition, had been dug by St Theodosius of the Caves. There, on the edge of the well, she beheld a package wrapped in a sack, and when she opened it, in the package she found the sacred icon, which apparently had been left there by those who had stolen it. At the end of October 1919, when the White Russian Army was evacuating the city of Kursk, twelve monks of the monastery transferred the icon to the city of Belgorod, from which it was again transferred, first to Taganrog and Ekaterinodar, and then to Novorossiisk. During the evacuation, with the permission of Metropolitan Anthony (Khrapovitsky) who was then President of the Higher Ecclesiastical Administration in Southern Russia, the icon was taken aboard the steamship ‘St Nicholas’ by Bishop Theophan of Kursk on March 1st, 1920, and was transported to the city of Thessalonica. On April 3rd, Bishop Theophan took the icon to the city of Pec, the ancient capital of Serbia. For four months the icon remained in Pec, and in September, at the request of Baron Wrangel, it was returned again to the Crimea. A year after departing from the city of Kursk, on October 29th, 1920, the holy image against left its native land during the evacuation of the White Army and those Russian people who refused to submit to the Soviet regime. After arriving again in the Kingdom of the Serbs, Croatians and Slovenes, with the blessing of Patriarch Dimitry, the holy icon remained with Bishop Theophan in the Serbian monastery of Yazak on Frushkaya Mountain. From the end of 1927, the icon was to be found in the Russian church of the Holy Trinity in the city of Belgrade. With the blessing of the Synod of Bishops, Bishop Theophan bore the icon around to various places where Russians of the diaspora dwelt. During World War II, when Belgrade was subjected to bombardment and other tribulations associated with the war, the miraculous icon became a rampart of hope for all that approached it with sincere prayer. The steadfast companion of those Russian people who did not accept the satanic authority, this great and ancient holy object, which remained in Moscow during the dreadful turmoil of the 17th century, was removed from Yugoslavia in the autumn of 1944 together with those who again fled a godless regime. From ruined Vienna, the icon was borne to the tranquil city of Carlsbad to which the Synod of Bishops had been evacuated. With the approach of the Bolsheviks it was again transferred to Munich in the spring of 1945. The holy icon proved to be an unending consolation to many thousands of people who were experiencing all the trials and tribulations of the latter years of World War II. From Munich the icon was borne to Switzerland, France, Belgium, England, Austria, and many cities and camps in Germany itself. Subsequently, the icon was transferred to the New World where it had its permanent residence first in the New Kursk Hermitage in Mahopac, NY, and then in the Synod’s Cathedral Church of the Mother of God of the Sign in New York City, the residence of the First Hierarch of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad. At present, by decree of the Council of Bishops of the Russian Orthodox Church Abroad, a festival is held in honour of the icon at the New Kursk Hermitage in Mahopac, NY, on the Sunday nearest the feast of the Nativity of the Most Holy Theotokos, and in the Synod’s Cathedral of the Mother of God of the Sign in New York City on November 27 / December 10. Original text by Bishop Alexander (Mileant) of Buenos Aires.
Divine Services with the Kursk-root Icon:
CITY, PARISH AND DATE: SERVICES:
Wednesday 16th March 2022: Diocesan Cathedral of the Nativity of the Mother of God and the Holy Royal Martyrs, London, England. Formal reception of the icon into the Diocese by Bishop Irenei (18:15), followed by the Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts and veneration of the icon. Friday 18th March: Visitation to Chippenham, England; and to the Kazan Parish, Cardiff, Wales. Visitation to the chapel in Llanelli, Wales. Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts in Cardiff (18:30). Saturday 19th March: Parish of St Vladimir, Cheltenham, England; Parish of St Chad, Telford, England.Moleben in Cheltenham (09:00); Moleben in Telford (13:30).Sunday 20th March – Sunday of St Gregory Palamas: Parish of St Elisabeth, Wallasey, England.Hierarchical Divine Liturgy of St Basil (Greeting of Icon, 09:45; Greeting of Bishop, 09:50), followed by a parish reception. The icon will then be present during the service of General Unction, in the same parish (15:00).Tuesday 22nd March: Mission Parish of St John the Wonderworker in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Parish of St Coleman, Stradbally, Republic of Ireland. Moleben in Belfast Parish (13:00). Akafist in Stradbally Parish (19:00).Wednesday 23rd March: Parish of St Coleman, Stradbally, Republic of Ireland; and Parish of Sts Peter and Paul (Moscow Patriarchate), Dublin, Republic of Ireland.Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts in Dublin Parish (09:00) with veneration of the icon, followed by home visits.Thursday 24th March: Church of the ‘Joy of All Who Sorrow’, Mettingham, England.Akafist to the Mother of God (19:00). Friday 25th March: Parish of St Alexander Nevsky, Norwich, England. Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts (09:00); Akafist to the Mother of God (18:00). Saturday 26th March: Cathedral of the Dormition of the Mother of God (Moscow Patriarchate), London, England. All-Night Vigil (18:00). Sunday 27th March – Sunday of the Cross: Diocesan Cathedral of the Nativity of the Mother of God and the Holy Royal Martyrs, London, England. Hierarchical Divine Liturgy of St Basil (Greeting of the Icon, 09:45; Greeting of Bishop, 10:00). Tuesday 29th March: Mission Parish of the All-Merciful Saviour, St Leonards-on-Sea, England (near Hastings). Parish of St Nicholas the Wonderworker (Moscow Patriarchate), Oxford, England. Moleben in St Leonards (09:30). Akafist to the Mother of God in Oxford (18:00). Wednesday 30th March: St Michael the Archangel Parish, Cannes, France. Visitations and moleben for the faithful throughout the afternoon. Thursday 31st March: Parish of St Elena, Montecarlo, Monaco. Akafist Hymn to the Mother of God (18:00).Friday 1st April: Parish of the ‘Joy of All Who Sorrow’, Menton, France. General Unction for all the parishes of the region, served in the Menton Church (18:00), in the presence of the icon. Prayers before the icon will be sung following the Unction service. Saturday 2nd April: Parish of St Serafim, Sanremo, Italy. All-Night Vigil (16:00). Sunday 3rd April – St John of the Ladder: Parish of St Serafim, Sanremo, Italy. Divine Liturgy of St Basil (09:00). Monday 4th April: Parish of the Nativity of Christ, Florence, Italy. Greeting of the Icon (16:00), followed by the Akafist to the Mother of God; then immediately General Unction (17:00), in the presence of the icon. Prayers before the icon will be sung following the Unction service. Tuesday 5th April – Great Canon of St Andrew: Parish of the Nativity of Christ, Florence, Italy. Great Canon of St Andrew of Crete (17:00), sung in presence of the icon. Wednesday 6th April: Parish of the Nativity of Christ, Florence, Italy. Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts (09:00). All-Night Vigil of the Feast of the Annunciation (18:00). Thursday 7th April – Annunciation of the Theotokos: Parish of the Nativity of Christ, Florence, Italy.Divine Liturgy of the Feast of the Annunciation (Hours 08:30; Liturgy 09:00). Friday 8th April – Akafist Hymn Friday: Parish of St John the Russian, Lyon, France. Akafist to the Mother of God (17:30). Saturday 9th April: Parish of the Resurrection of Christ, Meudon, France.General Unction (13:00), in the presence of the icon. Saturday 9th April: Cathedral of the Holy Trinity, Diocese of Korsun, Moscow Patriarchate, Paris, France. Greeting of the icon (17:00), followed by the All-Night Vigil. Sunday 10th April – Sunday of St Mary of Egypt: Parish of the Resurrection, Meudon, France. Hierarchical Divine Liturgy of St Basil (Greeting of Icon, 09:45; Greeting of Bishop, 09:55). Monday 11th April: Parish of the Holy Apostles, Luxembourg. Akafist to the Mother of God (18:00). Wednesday 13th April: Parish of the Resurrection of Christ, Brussels, Belgium. Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts (18:00). Thursday 14th April: Parish of St Mary of Egypt; and the Parish of St Nicholas the Wonderworker, Moscow Patriarchate — both in Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Visitation to the parishioners of St Mary of Egypt Parish throughout the afternoon. Divine Liturgy of the Presanctified Gifts in the St Nicholas Parish (18:00 TBC). Friday 15th April: Parish of the Protection of the Mother of God (Pokrov), Arnhem, The Netherlands. All-Night Vigil of Lazarus Saturday (17:00). Saturday 16th April – Lazarus Saturday: Memorial Church of St Job, Brussels, Belgium. Divine Liturgy for Lazarus Saturday (09:30); All-Night Vigil (17:00). Sunday 17th April – Palm Sunday: Memorial Church of St Job, Brussels, Belgium. Divine Liturgy of Palm Sunday (09:30).The miraculous icon will then return to Synod for Holy Week, Pascha and Bright Week, before returning to our Diocese: Monday 2nd May: Parish of the Protection of the Mother of God (Pokrov), Zurich, Switzerland. Akafist Hymn to the Mother of God (18:00).Wednesday 4th May: Holy Trinity Parish, Bern, Switzerland. Akafist Hymn to the Mother of God (18:00). Thursday 5th May: University Chapel of St Nicholas the Wonderworker, Fribourg, Switzerland. Visitation to the University Chapel (12:00) with the icon. Friday 6th May – St George the Great-Martyr: Parish of St Barbara the Great-Martyr, Vevey, Switzerland. Hierarchical Divine Liturgy for St George (Greeting of the Icon, 09:30; Greeting of the Bishop, 09:40). Saturday 7th May: Cathedral of the Elevation of the Cross, Geneva, Switzerland. Formal greeting of the icon by Bishop Irenei (17:00), followed by the All-Night Vigil. Sunday 8th May: Cathedral of the Elevation of the Cross, Geneva, Switzerland. Hierarchical Divine Liturgy (Greeting of Icon, 09:00; Greeting of Bishop, 09:15). Thursday 12th May: Parish of St Nicholas the Wonderworker, Basel, Switzerland. Akafist Hymn to the Mother of God (evening, time TBD).